Soolmaz Moeini (PhD) obtained a doctorate in Persian Language and Literature, specializing in ecocriticism and environmental humanities, from the University of Gilan, Iran. She is a researcher at the University of Granada, delving into the intersection of language, literature, and environmental consciousness. E-mail: Soolmazmoeini@yahoo.com


Ecocriticism in the Works of Mahmud Dulatabadi

Abstract: Mahmud Doulatabadi’s literary works stand as a poignant testament to the intersection of ecology, character development, and narrative structure. In his works, the environment emerges as a pivotal character, exerting a profound influence on the story’s protagonists. This paper delves into the significance of ecocriticism in Doulatabadi’s oeuvre, highlighting how it shapes both characters and plotlines, while also exploring the presence of ecofeminism and postcolonialism within his narratives. Doulatabadi’s keen ecological awareness is evident in his meticulous portrayal of natural landscapes. His narratives are infused with the sights, sounds, and rhythms of rural and urban environments in Iran. Through these vivid descriptions, the environment becomes a dynamic force that not only frames the characters’ lives but also influences their decisions and destinies. Characters in Doulatabadi’s works grapple with ecological challenges, such as droughts, deforestation, and pollution, which serve as metaphors for their internal conflicts and moral dilemmas. Furthermore, Doulatabadi’s engagement with ecofeminism is discernible in his exploration of the gendered aspects of environmental degradation. His female characters often bear the brunt of ecological crises, reflecting broader issues of societal inequities. Doulatabadi skillfully intertwines the fates of women and the environment, drawing attention to the interconnectedness of gender and ecology. Moreover, the specter of postcolonialism looms large in Doulatabadi’s narratives, as he confronts the historical legacies of foreign exploitation and domination. Through his characters, he underscores how environmental degradation can be linked to colonial and neocolonial forces, shedding light on the enduring consequences of imperialistic endeavors. The implications of this study extend beyond Doulatabadi’s works themselves, offering valuable insights for Southeast Asian ecocriticism and scholarship. It highlights the universality of ecological themes and their potential to reveal the intricate connections between literature, environment, and sociopolitical contexts. This paper argues that Doulatabadi’s approach serves as a compelling case study for scholars seeking to explore similar intersections in the literature of Southeast Asia, ultimately enriching the discourse on ecocriticism in the region.
Keywords: ecocriticism, ecofeminism, postcolonialism, environment, crisis