Theresia Enny Anggraini received a BA in English Literature from Gadjah Mada University, and master’s and PhD degrees from Ohio State University. Her interests include literature for children and young adults, drama, and African American literature. E-mail: ennyar@usd.ac.id


Humanity and Humanness of Nonhuman Characters in The Lunar Chronicles

Abstract: The Lunar Chronicles by Marissa Meyer consist of four book titles: Cinder, Scarlett, Cress, and Winter. These are taken from the names of the main characters in the stories, coming from Earth (Earthen) or from Luna/moon (Lunars). Besides having human/earthen characters and lunar characters, these books also have nonhuman characters such as cyborgs, androids, and technological monsters. This paper discusses what it means to have humanity and humanness in the characters of the story. Do only human beings have the characteristics of humanity and humanness? Or are nonhuman characters even more human?
Keywords: humanity, humanness, nonhuman, cyborg, lunar, science-fiction